O Parque Histórico Nacional da Cultura Chaco é um parque histórico nacional localizado no noroeste do Novo México, nos Estados Unidos. 15 mil curtidas. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. Chaco Canyon was a major center of Puebloan culture between AD 850 and 1250. The buildings were planned from the start, in contrast to the usual practiced of adding rooms to existing structures as needed. The cultural flowering of the Chacoan people began in the mid 800s and lasted more than 300 years. Chaco Culture National Historical Park is located 150 miles northwest of Albuquerque, NM. Chaco Culture National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park hosting the densest and most exceptional concentration of pueblos in the American Southwest. International Dark Sky Park On August 19, 2013 Chaco Culture was officially designated an International Dark Sky Park. Transcript: Welcome to the 365 days in archaeology podcast. For all the wild beauty of Chaco Canyon's high-desert landscape, its long winters, short growing seasons, and marginal rainfall create an unlikely place for a major center of ancestral Puebloan culture to take root and flourish. Today we’re going to talk about an archaeological wonder of the American Southwest. Chaco Culture Information. Chaco Culture National Historical Park was first established as a national monument in 1907 to preserve and tell the story of Chaco Canyon, which continues to be an important cultural center for tribal communities today. Aztec Ruins National Monument located directly north, 55 miles, as the crow flies, in the town of Aztec, NM. O parque está localizado no noroeste do Novo México, entre Albuquerque e Farmington , em um remoto cânion cortado pelo Chaco Wash (um riacho seco). In time, the people shifted away from Chacoan ways, migrated to new areas, reorganized their world, and eventually interacted with foreign cultures. Visitors to Chaco Culture National Historical Park traverse a rocky, 20-mile roadway to reach its entrance and are rewarded with ancient, dun-colored ruins that blend into a quiet canyon. Many of the ruins in Chaco are in good condition and there are fewer visitors due to the conditions of the access roads. Google Arts & Culture features content from over 2000 leading museums and archives who have partnered with the Google Cultural Institute to bring the world's treasures online. Within Chaco Culture National Historical Park are numerous trails to explore the archaeological ruins within Chaco Canyon and surrounding mesas. Nome como inscrito na lista do Património Mundial. From it, emanated 3 routes, the northern route that arrived to Twin Angels and Salmon Ruins, and the 2 southern routes, in connection with Ruddy Water and San Mateo. Chaco's influence continued at Aztec, Mesa Verde, the Chuska Mountains, and other centers to the north, south, and west. 16K likes. The first evidence of long-term human settlement in Chaco Canyon dates to the 3rd century CE with the construction of partially subterranean homes known as pithouses, structures which eventually were clustered together to form large villages. Chaco Culture National Historical Park is situated in a remote canyon cut by the Chaco Wash, about 159 miles (256 km) northwest of Albuquerque, New Mexico. It is situated some 45 miles (70 km) south of Bloomfield and about 55 miles (90 km) northeast of Gallup. Did Chaco distribute food and resources to growing populations when the climate failed them? Members of the Board Clif Taylor, Kensington, CA Dozens of great houses in Chaco Canyon were connected by roads to more than 150 great houses throughout the region. Chaco Culture National Historical Park is managed by the National Park Service, a federal agency within the Department of the Interior; neighboring federal lands hosting Chacoan roads are controlled by the Bureau of Land Management. Chaco Culture National Historical Park, Nageezi. Chaco Culture National Historical Park, National Park Service United States A Presidential Proclamation created Chaco Canyon National Monument in 1907 to preserve and protect the "extensive prehistoric communal or pueblo ruins . O Parque Histórico Nacional da Cultura Chaco é um parque histórico nacional localizado no noroeste do Novo México, nos Estados Unidos. UNESCO World heritage Sites: Chaco Culture. Even without the presence of kivas and 1-4 story buildings, the canyon alone is beautiful. They may instead have been impressive examples of "public architecture" that were used periodically during times of ceremony, commerce, and trading when temporary populations came to the canyon for these events. This setting was a thriving trade and political center for thousands of Chacoan people from A.D. 850-1250. . One of the most remarkable aspects of Chaco Culture, at least from a modern perspective, is the extensive system of finely engineered roads both within the canyon and extending out a considerable distance to the outlying sites throughout the San Juan Basin and beyond. During the middle and late 800s, the great houses of Pueblo Bonito, Una Vida, and Peñasco Blanco were constructed, followed by Hungo Pavi, Chetro Ketl, Pueblo Alto, and others. As inhabitants became increasingly integrated, single-story multi-room buildings began to appear in the 8th century CE among pithouse villages. Chaco is also an enduring enigma for researchers. Yet this valley was the center of a thriving culture a thousand years ago. These structures were often oriented to solar, lunar, and cardinal directions. Este texto é disponibilizado nos termos da licença. This setting was a thriving trade and political center for thousands of Chacoan people from A.D. 850-1250. Find all the transport options for your trip from Denver to Chaco Culture National Historical Park … Park History. In addition to its spectacular archaeological resources, the park is naturally significant as one of the few protected areas in the San Juan Basin. Contém os restos mais importantes da cultura Chaco, que atingiu seu apogeu entre aproximadamente 1020 e 1110. Chaco is one of the most important archaeological sites in the US. Chaco is central to the origins of several Navajo clans and ceremonies. Foi caracterizado como um sistema muito elaborado de habitações urbanas cercado por aldeias unidos por uma rede de estradas. Adding such historical bounty is the cherry on the cake. The structures demonstrate the high skill of the Chacoan people, with sophisticated architecture and construction methods. ... Chaco Culture National Historical Park, National Park Service United States ... Chaco Culture National Historical Park, National Park Service In addition, there are four back country trails that take you to remote pueblo sites. But as problems continue to plague the park's new museum, the Chaco is also an enduring enigma for researchers. Chaco Culture National Historical Park is the high-desert home to some 60 elk. The park protects many of these impressive structures and is one of the largest collections of ancestral sites north of Mexico. We may never fully understand Chaco. Trails to Chetro Ketl, Pueblo Bonito, and Pueblo del Arroyo are ADA accessible. Kluane/Wrangell-St Elias/Baía Glacier/Tatshenshini-Alsek, Sítio Histórico Estadual dos Cahokia Mounds, Fortaleza e Sítio Histórico de San Juan em Porto Rico, Parque Nacional das Grandes Montanhas Fumegantes, Universidade da Virgínia em Charlottesville, Parque Histórico Nacional da Cultura Chaco, Parque Internacional da Paz Waterton-Glacier, Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front, https://pt.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Parque_Histórico_Nacional_da_Cultura_Chaco&oldid=59726354, Parques históricos nacionais dos Estados Unidos, Patrimônio Mundial da UNESCO nos Estados Unidos, !Páginas que usam hiperligações mágicas ISBN, !Artigos destacados na Wikipédia em inglês, !Artigos destacados na Wikipédia em hebraico, Atribuição-CompartilhaIgual 3.0 Não Adaptada (CC BY-SA 3.0) da Creative Commons, A Grande Kiva de Chetro Ketl no Parque Histórico Nacional da Cultura Chaco. Its sphere of influence was extensive. Voir le plan de situation de Chaco Culture NHP. 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