Badgers are found at elevations of up to 12,000 feet (3,600 m). Mountain Lions. [35][36] In the Cape Province it is a potential prey species of the African leopard. Their home ranges can be as vast as about 193 square miles (500 square kilometers). They are seldom found in areas that have many trees. Badgers are found at elevations of up to 12,000 feet (3,600 m). Its closest relation was the extinct genus Eomellivora, which is known from the upper Miocene, and evolved into several different species throughout the whole Pliocene in both the Old and New World. [48], The honey badger ranges through most of sub-Saharan Africa, from the Western Cape, South Africa, to southern Morocco and southwestern Algeria and outside Africa through Arabia, Iran and western Asia to Turkmenistan and the Indian Peninsula. The fur is typically entirely black, with thin and harsh hairs. typicus (Smith, 1833) Though honey badgers are widespread and considered abundant, they are hunted or persecuted in certain regions, especially when they come into conflict with farmers and beekeepers. [53], In many parts of North India, honey badgers are reported to have been living in the close vicinity of human dwellings, leading to many instances of attacks on poultry, small livestock animals and, sometimes, even children. It is the only species in the genus Mellivora and in the mustelid subfamily Mellivorinae. [9] When confronting dogs, honey badgers scream like bear cubs. "[51] The event received coverage in the Western press during the 2007 silly season. Honey badgers are 2.4 – 3 feet long and they have a 12 inch tail. Despite their relatively small size, honey badgers have thick, tough skin that can withstand the piercings of traditional arrows and spears,extremely powerful jaws and teeth, and the ability to let off powerful odours to ward off large predators like lions. Aside from their physical similarities, the honey badger also boasts a … They are sturdy and impressive, but they … [57], "Ratel" redirects here. Honey badgers can easily adapt to different environments. [31], The winter fur is long, (being 40–50 mm (1.6–2.0 in) long on the lower back), and consists of sparse, coarse, bristle-like hairs, with minimal underfur. A large white band covers the upper body, from the top of the head to the base of the tail. They can adapt to a variety of conditions, from warm rain forests to cool mountains. The species first appeared during the middle Pliocene in Asia. [30] In Kalahari Gemsbok National Park, a honey badger was killed by a lion. [7] It is primarily a carnivorous species and has few natural predators because of its thick skin, strength and ferocious defensive abilities. The American badger is a member of the Mustelidae, a diverse family of carnivorous mammals that also includes weasels, otters, ferrets, and the wolverine. Honey badgers live in Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, India and in the Middle East on the Arabic Peninsula. Kowalczyk, R., Jȩdrzejewska, B., & Zalewski, A. Yet until now, we've been ignorant of both honey badgers and Randall's animals in general. [41] It feeds on a wide range of vertebrates and seems to subsist primarily on small vertebrates. The smell of the pouch is reportedly "suffocating", and may assist in calming bees when raiding beehives.[28]. The Honey badger is a diurnal animal. Females are smaller than males. [9], ratel (Sparrman, 1777) Although in the 1860s it was assigned to the badger subfamily, the Melinae, it is now generally agreed that it bears very few similarities to the Melinae. Honey badgers can be found throughout most of sub-Saharan Africa, Saudi Arabia, Iran, and western Asia. An average litter size is 2-3 offspring. Because of its wide range and occurrence in a variety of habitats, it is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Revision of the genera and species of Mustelidae contained in the British Museum", "Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: Resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation", "Kingdon 1977. [31] Since January, over 2 million people have learned the story of the crazy, nastyass honey badger. • Generally, badgers have a long head and snout, while honey badger has a small head and narrow snout. [42] The skin is also tough enough to resist several machete blows. A single tunnel ends in a chamber, which is usually bare, where the honey badger rests. The mean weight of adult honey badgers from different areas has been reported at anywhere between 6.4 to 12 kg (14 to 26 lb), with a median of roughly 9 kg (20 lb), per various studies. The canine teeth are exceptionally short for carnivores. [34] Bee stings, porcupine quills, and animal bites rarely penetrate their skin. It is a skilled digger, able to dig tunnels into hard ground in 10 minutes. [citation needed] They retaliate fiercely when attacked. What States Do Badgers Live In? They are solitary hunters, except during the breeding season, when they may hunt in pairs. [12], The honey badger is mostly solitary, but has also been sighted in Africa to hunt in pairs during the breeding season in May. [54], In Kenya, the honey badger is a major reservoir of rabies[55][56] and suspected to be a significant contributor to the sylvatic cycle of the disease. Everything about the American badger is made for digging. They live in underground burrow that they will use for their nest. Badger dens or burrows are conspicuous, consisting of a large mound of dirt piled around a 10- to 12-inch- diameter hole. [33], The honey badger is notorious for its strength, ferocity and toughness. They also eat insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals, as well as roots, bulbs, berries, and fruits. Fun Facts. When out of their burrows, honey badgers do tend to maintain rather wide ranges of interactions. The sides of the head and lower body are pure black. Honey badgers are good swimmers and can climb trees. With its long claws, the honey badger digs burrows up to 9 feet (3 meters) long and up to 5 feet (1.5 meters) deep. Months when where do honey badgers live and food availability are optimal parts of Canada and Mexico according. Primarily on small vertebrates out of their diet consists of carrion harsh hairs some teeth being small! 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